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16th International Course for Clinical Immunology for Infectious Diseases for Nile Basin Countries


The Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and the Egyptian Fund for Technical Cooperation with Africa (EFTCA), agreed in June 2009, to work together to establish a training course directed for clinical immunology of infectious diseases. The course will be held at FOM/FU, Fayoum, under JICA's Third-Country Training Program (TCTP).

Participants of this course will primarily include the African researchers who are involved in training or supervision of staff working in the field of laboratory medicine & immuno-diagnosis. The course is designed mainly for bench worker physicians and bioscientists to upgrade their practice and research capabilities, including research design. More than 35% of the course agenda are practical laboratory work. This course will be held annually.

The objectives of the course are to provide African participants working in the field of laboratory diagnosis of infectious diseases, whose special interest is the clinical Immunology, with the recent information in their field of work, to interchange their own experiences together, and to be able to contribute to the development of clinical immunology research in the participating countries of Africa.

The course will be held at Fayoum University (FU), Fayoum City, under JICA's Third-Country Training Program (TCTP).

Course Title:
International Course for Clinical Immunology for Infectious Diseases (ICCI) for Nile Basin Countries.

Website of the Course:
http:// www.fayoum.edu.eg/icci.

Duration of the Course:
• Five (5) weeks every year from 2009 to 2011.
• The 16th program will be organized from September 5th to October 16th 2011.

Invited Countries:
The Governments of the following countries will be invited to apply by nominating their applicants for the course: Burundi, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Number of Participants:
The total number of participants will be twenty (20), seventeen (17) from African countries, and three (3) from Egypt.

Training Needs:
The role of infectious diseases in threatening the human life has been re-expanded. The emergence of new infectious diseases, AIDS, ALT, Hepatitis C virus, Ebola virus, SARS, Avian Influenza and H1N1 Influenza; received a special world wide attention, because of their current and potential hazards to the health of the world population.

The role of laboratory diagnosis and monitoring of such diseases is of utmost importance for prevention. Most of the African countries are in a situation where infectious diseases represent the major health menace. The challenges posed by this problem entail fund raising for appropriate diagnosis and control of such infections and to have the technical expertise to carry out this job.

Egypt, as one of the African countries, has good potentials to be a center for manpower development in the field of health upgrading programs. These potentials include its central geographical position in the old world, good framed heath system, with one of the oldest Schools of medicine in the African continent. However, the most important issue is that Egypt shares with the other African countries their common health problems, especially the infectious diseases. In Egypt, one can say that there is a sound basic medical research activity.

Objective Setting of the Course:
Overall Goal
The course is designed to provide opportunities for participants to enhance their current technical skills in laboratory medicine and research capabilities in the field of infectious diseases. The course will help maximizing the contribution of participants to their countries health development, especially in the field of protection against infectious diseases, through the laboratory diagnosis.
Expected Outputs
(Expected learning outcomes of the course curricula)
At the end of the course, the participants are expected to have acquired:

    • Basic information of fundamental immunology.
    • Recent information on natural history and pathophysiology of infectious diseases.
    • Hands-on experience in running and development of medical laboratory for diagnosis of infectious diseases.
    • Basic Knowledge and usage of standard immunological techniques in evaluating diagnostic tests and decision analysis.
    • Basic concepts for both quality management philosophy for organizational development and a management process for improving the quality of all aspects of laboratory work, especially in the direction of communicable diseases.
    • To acquire concepts and basis for the application of total quality management applied to laboratory medicine (immunology lab).
    • To be introduced to the 5S and to evaluate its relevance in the continuous improvement of quality of laboratory work and outcome.

Methodology used in conducting the Course:
The course will be conducted in the form of Lectures (L), Practices (P), Field-trips (F), Group Studies (G), Work Shops (W) & small group discussions.

Tentative Curriculum of the 16th Program:
The curriculum scheme will include:
1) Fundamental Immunology

    • Immunology: An overview
    • Adaptive & Innate Immunology
    • Complement
    • Cells involved in the immune response
    • Cell mediated immunity
    • Humoral immunity
    • Antigen recognition
    • Cell interaction in the immune system
    • Regulation of the immune system
    • MHC and Genetic control of immune system
2) Immunity to Viruses & Bacteria.
3) TB.
4) Malaria.
5) Leishemania.
6) Principles and interpretation of some important Immunological Techniques.
7) Hepatitis B and C viruses.
8) AIDS and ALT.
9) Introduction to Molecular Biology.
10) Introduction to Medical Statistics.
11) Quality control and quality assurance
    - Basic Concepts;
    - Framework of total quality management in a health care lab;
    - Quality Laboratory processes (QLPA);
    - Quality Control (QC);
    - Quality Assessment;
    - Quality Planning (QP);
    - Elements of quality assurance program;
    - Pre-analytic variables: control & monitoring;
    - Control of Analytic Variables;
    - Control of Analytic Quality;
    - External Quality program in Medical Laboratory;
    - Economic of making diagnosis;
    - The 5S principles for TQM in health.

1. Immunological Techniques.
    • Neutrophil phagocytosis.
    • Complement assay by RID.
    • Immunofluorescence detection of auto-antibodies.
    • Rapid testing for HIV & HBsAg.
    • Immunoblot confirmatory diagnosis of HCV.
    • Automated Fluorescent DNA sequencing.
    • Immunofixation.
    • ELISA Technique: Diagnosis of viral hepatitis.
    • PCR of HCV- RNA.
    • Flowcytometer CD4+/8+ assay.
    • Flowcytometer intracellular cytokine assay.
    • Innolia for ANA.
    • HLA Typing.
    • PC Statistics Package.
    • Real Time PCR in immunogenetic of infectious diseases.
    • Processing of samples on Bactec TB.
    • Neuroimmunology of Infectious Diseases.

1- Primary Health Care Centers in Fayoum.
2- National Central lab (Cairo).

 Problem solving & working in small groups and brain storming sessions will be the style of working to elaborate ideas and to train the participants to work in groups.

Each participant from the invited countries will present a comprehensive report on the activities he/ she is currently taking at home emphasizing the means through which the course may help in improving conditions of his/ her activities.


    - Total Quality Management
    - Research Methodology
    - Leadership
These intensive workshops will help participants grasping essentials for development of a research protocol. The following topics will be emphasized in the workshop: Research design; Sources of bias in medical research; Measurements & types of error; Inter-observer & Intra-observer disagreement; Data management; How to use a simple computer package for statistical analysis of data.

• The above curriculum may be subjected to some changes.

Main Training Institution:
Faculty of Medicine/ Fayoum University, (FOM/ FU), Fayoum-EGYPT.
Fayoum University was established in 1983 as a branch of Cairo University. In 2005 the university was separated as an independent university according to the decree number (48). Fayoum University includes 13 faculties: Faculties of Education, Agriculture, Engineering, Archaeology, Medicine, Arts, Informatics & computer Sciences and Faculty of Kindergarten. The university embraces around 25 thousand students and about two thousand of teaching staff members. The main core of the course will take place at the FOM/FU at the University Teaching Hospital, Fayoum - Egypt. The University Hospital was established in 2008. The Hospital has 350 beds and provides comprehensive services in out-patient and in-patient departments.

Supporting and Collaborating Institutions and Agencies:

• Kumamoto National Hospital, 1-5 Ninomaru, Kumamoto City 860, JAPAN.
• Kumamoto University Medical School 2-1 Honjoh, Kumamoto City 860, JAPAN.
• Federation of African Immunological Societies (FAIS) : http://www.faisoc.com .
• International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS): http: www.iuisonline.org.

Completion Certificate:
Participants who have successfully completed the course will be awarded a certificate of attendance the course.

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